Assessing the Risk Factors for Suicide and Appropriate Intervention as a Prevention Method Among Older Adults

A Systematic Review

  • Annaliese Greig Anglia Ruskin University
  • Russell Kabir Anglia Ruskin University
Palavras-chave: suicídio, idosos, prevenções, preditores, revisão sistemática

Resumo

As taxas de suicídio da população idosa são as mais altas do mundo. Esta revisão sistemática apresenta os fatores de risco e as medidas de prevenção do suicídio na população idosa. Realizou-se uma pesquisa bibliográfica abrangente, utilizando as seguintes bases de dados: PubMed Central, Embase, biblioteca Cochrane e CINAHL plus. Esta revisão sistemática usou os itens de relatório preferidos para revisões sistemáticas e as diretrizes de meta-análises (PRISMA) para as revisões sistemáticas, de forma a identificar e analisar as pesquisas selecionadas. A população idosa possui o seu próprio conjunto de fatores de risco que lhe são exclusivos. Os temas comuns apresentados - uma história de saúde mental, doenças crónicas e os problemas conjugais - constituíram fortes fatores de risco para o suicídio neste grupo populacional. Identificou-se a importância da pesquisa com enfoque na personalidade e a forma como isso pode afetar as pessoas de diferentes maneiras e em diferentes fases da idade adulta, incluindo a lógica por trás do suicídio. Para além da personalidade, foram considerados também, ao avaliar o risco de suicídio, a sensação de se verem como um fardo e o impacto dos sentimentos aliados ao sentido de pertença. Esta revisão sistemática encontrou um conjunto único de fatores de risco que são relevantes para esse grupo populacional. Isso demonstra a importância de um suporte adequado, como linhas telefónicas de ajuda ou terapia, de forma a que medidas de prevenção eficazes sejam implementadas.

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Publicado
2022-06-30
Como Citar
Greig, A., & Kabir, R. (2022). Assessing the Risk Factors for Suicide and Appropriate Intervention as a Prevention Method Among Older Adults. Interações: Sociedade E As Novas Modernidades, (42), 70-89. https://doi.org/10.31211/interacoes.n42.2022.a4
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